Salvador Allende – who was an intimate political associate of Cuban dictator Fidel Castro – evidently would remain in power. Contrary to what happened in Cuba, where Communists seized power in a violent revolution that overthrew the pro-American dictator Fulgencio Batista, in the Republic of Chile, for the regime change, the gradualist approach was adopted, which is more efficient because it’s basically imperceptible. So, the population is incapable to offer any kind of resistance to its implementation. The same technique was applied several decades later to implement socialism in Venezuela, with a great degree of success. As a result, Venezuela became a totalitarian state.
Salvador Allende was the first Marxist president to reach power in a Latin American country through popular election. After he took office, Fidel sent him a gift, along with a card, where the Cuban dictator greeted him. There, Fidel expressed his loyalty to the revolution; the Cuban dictator asserted to the Chilean president that – although Allende had chosen a different path, a non-aggressive one – they were trying, by distinct forms, to achieve the same political objectives.
Therefore, the two Latin American leaders became political allies. Fidel – an opportunistic psychopath – saw in Chile the perfect opportunity to expand his sphere of political influence on the continent, so he was aiming to introduce the Soviet formula of central government planning of the economy, and sovereign authority of the state over society, into the Andean country.
Through Salvador Allende's elusive association with Fidel Castro, Chile would inadvertently become a socialist dictatorship. If the military had not interfered – and preserved the nation from the great invisible threat that was surrounding them – Chile would eventually be converted into a South American version of Cuba.
When the military seized power by attacking the presidential palace of La Moneda, Fidel Castro had already positioned approximately several thousand Cuban militiamen in strategic points in Chile, who were ready to launch a violent socialist revolution in the country, which would be catastrophic and would bury any promising future prospects for the nation. Nevertheless, with the possibility of a real war against the Chilean military – and also fearing an unwanted, but probable interference by the US armed forces – Fidel Castro decided to renounce his plan of a direct belligerent offensive.
With the continual implementation of economic liberalization policies, Chile evolved to be the most prosperous and developed country of Latin America, the only one that is truly capitalist, and that has a real free market system. This would not be the case, had the country continued under the leadership of president Salvador Allende, that would gradually had transformed Chile into a communist dictatorship.